Five villages in Cameroon are changing the way we conserve wildlife

Forest Defenders

***
This work is dedicated to Dr Gill Conquest, a cropped-IMG_3280great colleague who sadly passed away on the 5th May. Her endless dedication, strength, and commitment to the people of Central Africa has made this work possible. In the words of Dr Jerome Lewis: “The world needs a million Gill Conquests”
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There is a mound of evidence showing that reinstating the rights of local communities to own, use, and participate in the management of their ancestral lands, rather than removing such communities and severing their ties with the landscape, is far more likely to result in successful biodiversity conservation. The militarisation of conservation has not halted wildlife decline and has harmed the key allies: local communities. Our project is forming part of the conservation revolution.

We’re developing a smartphone app to enable indigenous Baka and local Bantu communities in Cameroon to report illegal wildlife crime. An initiative of Extreme Citizen Science at University College London, and the Zoological Society of London.

The progress:

✔  Ask people what they want

✔  Make community-specific smartphone apps in collaboration with locals

✔  Train a community team in using the app

You can catch up here

Whilst finishing off training, the current work is to liaise with officers from the Ministere de Foret et de la Faune (Ministry of Forests and Wildlife). If good relationships are not formed here, it’s likely that ministry officers will be confused or the records sent by community members will be ignored.

So, if I’ve ever heard of a good opportunity to drink whisky, eat peanuts, and watch a game of football with Cameroonian ministry officials, this is it.

Meanwhile, some small but interesting changes to the app have made it much easier to use by the communities, most likely all of which have never used a smartphone before and often don’t understand the same symbols as you do. These include:

  • Replacing the tick (confirm) icon with a thumbs up. This is apparently a universal gesture
  • Introducing an easy yet secure ID system in the form of colour codes (one per person)
  • Getting rid of forward and backward arrows where necessary (there are no arrows in the forest)

The method we have adopted, a Free, Prior, and Informed Consent Process (FPIC), has resulted in building a close relationship with the current five communities where they independently understand the benefits of the project, and this is certainly one of the reasons for their patience and excitement to be involved:

“We take the tool very seriously and think it is what we have been missing. This is why we have been coming to all the meetings and have stayed with the project”

“What we could not openly speak about, we can now report”

Mobile phone network is surprisingly good, with internet and 3G available in some villages (3G! In the rainforest!). A few communities do suffer from poor connection and this remains a challenge for sending the data, though there is often a known point in the path or near the tall Sapelli tree, where network can be attained.

At the time of writing, two communities have completed the process and are now active in reporting. Though there are many NGOs developing participatory mapping and reporting, these two communities are the first in the world to be active using our software for wildlife reporting.

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