To get you quickly up to speed:
I’m working as a researcher with the Extreme Citizen Science Research Group (ExCiteS) at University College London (UCL), who:
“bring together scholars from diverse fields to develop and contribute to the guiding theories, tools and methodologies that will enable any community to start a Citizen Science project to deal with issues that concern them. With an interdisciplinary research approach we aim to provide any user, regardless of their background or literacy level, with a set of tools that can be used to collect, analyse and act on information according to agreed upon scientific methods”
The current project is in collaboration with the Zoological Society of London (ZSL), working in the southeastern rainforests of Cameroon. In this region the grossly marginalised Baka hunter-gatherers are in conflict with poachers who are rapidly depleting the forest resources and biodiversity (including chimpanzees, gorillas, pangolins, and pythons) which the Baka rely on. Local Bantu farming peoples also rely on such forest resources. Our aim is to create an app, called Sapelli, which will empower the indigenous peoples and local communities (ILCs) to report illegal wildlife trade activities, based entirely on what the communities want to report, and how they want the information they collect to be used – this is participatory monitoring. The app has already been trialed in the Congo.
Borders in general are not particularly great places to be. African boarders must be surely some of the most sketchy in the world, and my experiences in Mozambique and Zimbabwe have more than earned this title. Cameroon, however, was much more positive. “You are welcome” is what greeted me from the boarder guard after checking my passport. A good start.
Yaounde is expectedly hectic, with insane drivers and people all over the streets throughout the day and night. The ZSL office is in a weird, slightly-gradeoise building, that looks like it might have housed an elderly, powerful woman at some point. The staff are great and very knowledgeable, all of whom are Cameroonian bar three. Unfortunately the wi-fi is not quite up to the same standard (except in my excellent hotel room).
Slightly less expected was the quanity of pizza. I’ve only been in Yaounde itself for 3 days and already had the same number of pizzas (one good, one bad, and one which could not be called a pizza). This has mainly been when eating with the ZSL staff so perhaps they’re trying to settle me in gradually.
In terms of the work, so far its just been many many meetings so not too much to share. The staff here are certainly keen to see if our anti-poaching app (called Sapelli) could work here and have christened me as the ‘ExCiteS expert’, insisting that I take ‘VIP’ rooms and get cheuffered everywhere.
When we try and meet with Baka and Bantu forest communities around the Dja Biosphere Reserve next week, that’ll be when we can really get an idea of whether the project might work or not. It has to be done very carefully though; it’s not just the ‘bad guys’ from outside communities that are engaged in poaching, but also those from within communities and indeed other bodies who are supposed to be protecting wildlife. The illegal wildlife trade can provide short-term economic benefits to local people even if the long-term losses are far more severe. So, turning up and declaring we’ve come to help them stop the people who are stealing away their livelihoods (in terms of forest resources) isn’t guaranteed to always go down swimmingly. At this stage, therefore, our aims are centred on understanding community relationships, community issues, and building community trust.
‘Community Surveillence Networks’ (CSNs) are systems set up by ZSL already in various communities whereby community members can report any poaching activities they witness in the forests their villages encircle by ringing ZSL using a coded identity, afterwhich ZSL will notify the relevant law-enforcement authorities (namely la Ministre de Foret et de la Faun). CSNs may act as a stepping-stone for seeking out communities which are keen to be involved with Sapelli. Village Savings and Loans Associations (VSLAs), another scheme set up by ZSL where villages can meet together once a week to create a savings system, may well also act as a priceless platform through which to get communities together to discuss ideas of forest resources, monitoring, and using Sapelli.
To get a look at how these VSLAs work in person, Samuel (social officer), Simeon (community coordinator), and I went over to Lake Ossa in the west of Cameroon (next to the Gulf of Guinea) where the ZSL team there have been working on this. The lake is gigantic and well-fished by locals as a primary means of sustenance, though additionally relying on palm fruit and oil from the ever-expanding palm-oil plantations around the area. As well as attending calm and not-so-calm meetings with communities and chiefs (in French), we also got some time off to explore the lake and eat some amazing fried plantains (and not so amazing bitter-kola nuts)